Did Muhammad Abduh and Jamaluddin al-Afghani conspire with the British? There are some who say yes and there are some who say no.
Do you remember about the well-known Muslim reformist thinkers that we learnt in form 5 in Pendidikan Islam (Islamic Education) ? Yes, yes, Syeikh Jamaluddin al-Afhghani and his student Syeikh Muhammad Abduh. They both called for Muslims to return to the Quran and to not follow Islam blindly or just nodding at every thing the ulama says without referring to the Quran. They are also well-known for their resistance towards colonization. I myself admire their way of thinking.